Modeling Mach Zehnder Interferometer (MZI) Modulator on Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI)
Keywords:Mach Zehnder Modulator, forward biased effect, Silicon-On-Insulator, MMI
This paper discusses the effects of different applied voltages on the performance of Mach Zehnder Interferometer (MZI) modulator on Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI). The analysis was done at a wavelength of 1550 nm. The phase modulator was implemented using the forward biased effect of the p-i-n structure. Meanwhile, the MMI splitter and combiner were utilized in order to develop the MZI structure. The design and simulation for the electrical structure were carried out using Athena and Atlas from Silvaco International. Besides, the OptiBPM and OptiSys from Optiwave Corporation were utilized for the optical structure. The analyzed output parameters include the extinction ratio (ER), the insertion loss and the modulation efficiency. It is observed that the application of lower voltage on the modulator displays the best overall performance.
B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, “Silicon Photonics,” J. Light. Technol., vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4600–4615, Dec. 2006.
S. Markov, A. Suhaila, M. Zain, B. Cheng, and A. Asenov, “Statistical Variability in Scaled Generations of n-channel UTB-FD-SOI MOSFETs under the Influence of RDF, LER, OTF and MGG,” in 2012 IEEE International SOI Conference (SOI), 2012, pp. 1–2.
H.Hazura, A. Hanim, B. Mardiana, S. Shaari, and P. Menon, “Free carrier absorption loss of pin Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) phase modulator,” in American Institute of Physics COnference Series, 2011, pp. 241–244.
A. Hanim, B. Mardiana, H. Hazura, and S. Saari, “On the modulation phase efficiency of a silicon p-i-n diode optical modulator,” Int. Conf. Photonics 2010, pp. 1–3, Jul. 2010.
D. J. Thomson, F. Y. Gardes, Y. Hu, G. Mashanovich, M. Fournier, P. Grosse, J.-M. Fedeli, and G. T. Reed, “High contrast 40Gbit/s optical modulation in silicon.,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 11507–16, Jun. 2011.
P. D. Hewitt and G. . Reed, “Improved modulation performance of a Silicon p-i-n device by trench isolation,” J. Light. Technol., vol. 19, no. 3, p. 387, 2001.
H. A.Razak, H. Haroon, P. S. Menon, S. Shaari, and N. Arsad, “Design and optimization of a Mach-Zehnder Interferometer (MZI) for optical modulators,” in IEEE International Conference on Semiconductor Electronics, Proceedings, ICSE, 2014, no. lx, pp. 301–304.
J. Basak, L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, D. Samara-Rubio, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “Developments in Gigascale Silicon Optical Modulators Using Free Carrier Dispersion Mechanisms,” Adv. Opt. Technol., vol. 2008, pp. 1–10, 2008.
H. Xu, X. Xiao, X. Li, Y. Hu, Z. Li, T. Chu, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, “High speed silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator based on interleaved PN junctions.,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 14, pp. 15093–9, Jul. 2012.
G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson1, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 4, pp. 518–526, 2010.
D. J. Thomson, F. Y. Gardes, J. Fedeli, S. Zlatanovic, Y. Hu, B. Ping, P. Kuo, S. Member, E. Myslivets, A. Member, N. Alic, S. Radic, S. Member, G. Z. Mashanovich, and G. T. Reed, “50-Gb / s Silicon Optical Modulator,” vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 234–236, 2012.
H. Liu, H. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, and E. Pun, “Low-loss waveguide crossing using a multimode interference structure,” Opt. Commun., vol. 241, no. 1–3, pp. 99–104, Nov. 2004.
L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Light. Technol., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 615–627, Apr. 1995.
L. Yang, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “12 . 5 Gb / s carrier-injection silicon Mach-Zehnder optical modulator with high optical bandwidth,” vol. 19, no. c, pp. 129–131, 2012.
H. Yi, Q. Long, W. Tan, L. Li, X. Wang, and Z. Zhou, “Demonstration of low power penalty of silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator in long-haul transmission.,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 25, pp. 27562–8, Dec. 2012.
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.