Response Surface Approach to Optical Channel Dropping Filter Design Parameters Optimization
Keywords:Response Surface Methodology, Optical Channel Dropping Filter, Microring Resonator,
AbstractThe objective of this paper is to optimise the design parameters for the optical channel dropping filter, which is based on the microring resonator topology. The most important parameters to determine the performance of the microring channel optical filter are the waveguide width, gap, core thickness and ring radius. The determination of parameters by classical experimental design methods requires a large amount of experimental data, which has been found to be costly and time-consuming. To overcome this drawback, a design of experiment (DOE) methods of the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was employed. This paper employed the RSM design analysis in evaluating the performance of the microring resonator with different design parameters settings. Upon completion, the RSM shows that the optimum condition can be achieved when the ring radius is 5.50μm, a gap of 200nm, waveguide width of 418 nm and core thickness of 220 nm. In conclusion, for optimized performance of the channel dropping filter, design conditions within the range demonstrated in this study are suggested.
K. Padmaraju, K. Bergman, “Resolving the thermal challenges for silicon microring resonator devices,” in Nanophotonics, vol. 3, issue 4-5, pp. 269–281, 2014.
S. Song, X. Yi, S. X.Chew, L. Li, L. Nguyen, R. Zheng, “Optical single-sideband modulation based on silicon-on-insulator coupledresonator optical waveguides,” in Optical Engineering, vol. 55 (3), 031114 (Oct 20, 2015).
A.R. Hanim, B. Mardiana, H. Hazura, S. Saari, “On the modulation phase efficiency of a silicon pin diode optical modulator,” in 2010 IEEE International Conference on Photonics (ICP)Proc., Malaysia, 2010, pp. 1-3.
H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Caverley, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar “Crosstalk in SOI Microring ResonatorBased Filters,” in Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 34 (12), pp. 2886-2896, 2016.
H. Hazura, S. Shaari, P.S. Menon, A.R.Hanim, B. Mardiana, “Application of statistical method to investigate the effects of design parameters on the performance of microring resonator channel dropping filter,” in Int. J. Numer. Model., 26, pp.670–679, 2013.
Budi Mulyanti, P Susthitha Menon, Sahbudin Shaari, T Hariyadi, L Hasanah, Hazura Haroon, “Design and optimization of coupled Microring Resonators (MRRs) in silicon-on-insulator,” in Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 247-252, 2014.
Hazura Haroon, Sahbudin Shaari, PS Menon, B Mardiana, AR Hanim, N Arsad, BY Majlis, WM Mukhtar, Huda Abdullah, “Design and characterization of multiple coupled microring based wavelength demultiplexer in silicon–on–insulator (SOI),” in Journal of Nonlinear Optical Physics & Materials, vol. 21, issue 01, pp. 1250004, 2012.
G. K. Celep and K. Dincer, “Optimization of Parameters for Electrospinning of Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibers by the Taguchi Method,” International Polymer Processing, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 508- 514, 2017.
H. Hazura, H. A. Razak., N.N.A Aziz, “Performance Enhancement Of Optical Microring Resonator Using Taguchi Method Experimental Design,” in ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11(5), pp. 3212-3216, 2016.
R. W. Emerson, “Design of Experiments. Optimization Methods: From Theory to Design,” In M. Cavazzuti, pp. 13-41, 2016.
P. K. Basu, B. M. Semiconductor Laser Theory, CRC Press, 2015.
H. Hazura, S. Shaari, P.S. Menon, N. Arsad, A.R. Hanim, “Design Modeling and Characterizations os SOI-based Parallel Cascaded MRR Array (PCMMRA) By Coupled Mode Theory,” in Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 7 (1), pp. 31-35, 2015.
Z. Pheng, “Coupled Multiple Micro-Resonators Design And Active Semiconductor Micro-Resonator Fabrication”, Thesis Dissertation University Of Southern California, 2007.
H. Hazura, B. Mardiana, A. R. Hanim, P.S. Menon, N. Arsad, Z. F M, Napiah, “Impact of coupled resonator geometry on silicon-on insulator wavelength filter characteristics,” in 2011 IEEE Regional Symposium on Micro and Nanoelectronics (RSM), Malaysia, 2011, pp. 380-382.
S. Salehi , M. Noaparast, S. Z. Shafaei, “Response Surface Methodology (RSM) for Optimization of Chalcopyrite Concentrate Leaching With Silver-Coated Pyrite,” in Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process, 52(2), pp. 1023−1035, 2016.
T. D. Sonani , D. Y. Kushwaha , G. D. Acharya, “Review Of Tool Wear Estimation Using Response Surface Methodology,” in International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development, Vol. 3 (1), , pp. 147-150 2016.
V. Alimirzaloo, V. Modanloo, “Minimization of the Sheet Thinning in Hydraulic Deep Drawing Process Using Response Surface Methodology and Finite Element Method,” in International Journal of Engineering, Vol. 29 (2), pp. 264-273, 2016.
M. Jourshabani, A. Badiei, N. Lashgari , G. M. Ziarani, “Application of Response Surface Methodology as an Efficient Approach for Optimization of Operational Variables in Benzene Hydroxylation to Phenol by V/SBA-16 Nanoporous Catalyst,” in J. Nanostruct., 6(2):, pp. 105-113, 2016.
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.