The Analysis of Low Phase Nonlinearity 3.1-6 GHz CMOS Power Amplifier for UWB System

Authors

  • R. Sapawi Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kota Samarahan, Sarawak.
  • D.N.S.D.A. Salleh Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kota Samarahan, Sarawak.
  • S.K. Sahari Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kota Samarahan, Sarawak.
  • S.M.W. Masra Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kota Samarahan, Sarawak.
  • D.A.A. Mat Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kota Samarahan, Sarawak.
  • K. Kipli Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kota Samarahan, Sarawak.
  • S.A.Z. Murad School of Microelectronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Malaysia.

Keywords:

Power Amplifier, Ultra-Wideband, CMOS, Techniques, Performance Criteria,

Abstract

Low phase nonlinearity is important criteria in power amplifier (PA) especially in ultra-wideband system so that the output will remain original identity. Up to date there is no analysis study have been established in achieving low group delay PA in UWB technology, therefore this paper is to examined the factors that affect low phase nonlinearity in 3.1-6.0 GHz PA using two-stage amplifier with shunt resistive feedback technique for UWB system. The proposed PA adopts two stages amplifier together with inter-stage circuit to obtain adequate flatness of the gain. The shunt resistive feedback topology is used to have very wide input matching. The inductive peaking technique and Class A amplifier is adopted to obtain high gain flatness, low phase nonlinearity and linearity simultaneously. The analysis shows that the dominant factor is identified for low phase nonlinearity in UWB PA. The proposed PA achieves the average gain of 10±1 dB, S11<-6dB, S22<-7dB, and phase nonlinearity of ±195.5 ps. A good linearity and power consumption are obtained. Therefore, these key performance factors of low phase nonlinearity can be applied to facilitate other researchers working in the area of power amplifier circuit design.

References

Zaidel, D.N.A., Rahim, S.K.A., Seman, N., Rahman, T.A., Abdulrahman, “Low cost and compact directional coupler for ultrawideband applications, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 54, Issue 3, pp 670-674, March 2012.

R. Sapawi, D.N.S.D.A. Salleh, S.K. Sahari, S.M.W.Masra, D.A.A. Mat1, K. Kipli, S.A.Z. Murad, “High Gain of 3.1-5.1 GHz CMOS Power Amplifier for Direct Sequence Ultra-Wideband Application”, Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering, Vol. 8 No. 12, pp. 99-103.

WPAN High Rate Alternative PHY Task Group 3a (TG3a), IEEE 802.15, 2007 [online]. Available: http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG3a.html

Boris Lembrikov, Novel Applications of the UWB Technologies, ISBN 978-953-307-324-8, InTech Publisher, August 01, 2011.

W.-C. Wang, C-P. Liao, Y.-K. Lo, Z.-D. Huang F. R. Shahroury, and C.-Y. Wu, “The design of integrated 3-GHz to 11-GHz CMOS transmitter for fullband ultra-wideband (UWB) applications”, IEEE International Symposium on Journal of Circuits and Systems, May 18-21, pp. 2709-2712, 2008.

K.Murase, R. Ishikawa and K. Honjo, “Group delay equalized monolithic microwave integrated circuit amplifier for ultra-wideband based on right/ left-handed transmission line design approach,” IET Microwave, Antenna & Propagation, vol. 3, pp. 967-973, 2009.

S.K. Wong, S. Maisurah, M.N. Osman, F. Kung and J.H. See, “High efficiency CMOS power amplifier for 3 to 5 GHz Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Application,” IEEE Transaction on Consumer Electronics, vol.55, No.3, pp. 1546-1550, August 2009.

S. Jose, H.J Lee and D. Ha, “A low power CMOS PA for UWB applications,” IEEE Int. Symposium on Circuits & Systems, ISCAS 2005, vol. 5, pp. 5111-5114, 23-26 May 2005.

Ruey-Lue Wang, Yan-Kuin Su, Chien-Hsuan Liu, “3-5 GHz cascoded UWB power amplifier,” The Asia Pasific Conference on Circuits and Systems 2006, p. 367-369, 4-7 Dec. 2006.

L.Y. Wang, B.Li, Z.H. Wu, “A low-power CMOS power amplifier for implanted biomedical ultra wideband (UWB) applications,” SolidState and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT), pp. 1-3, 2012.

R. Sapawi, R.K. Pokharel, D.A.A. Mat, H. Kanaya, K. Yoshida, A 3.1-6.0 GHz CMOS UWB power amplifier with good linearity and group delay variation, Proceeding of the Asia Pacific Microwave Conference pp. 9 – 12, 2011.

S.Z Murad, R.K Pokharel, A. Galal, R. Sapawi, H. Kanaya and K. Yoshida, “An Excellent Gain Flatness 3.0-7.0 GHz CMOS PA for UWB Applications”, IEEE Microwave and Wireless Component Letters, vol.20, no 9, September 2010.

Sapawi, R., Zainol Murad, S.A., Mat, D.A.A. , 5–11 GHz CMOS PA with 158.9±41 ps group delay and low power using current-reused technique, International Journal of Electronics and Communications (AEÜ), Elsevier, pp. 928-932, 2012.

H. Mosalam, A. Allam, H. Jia, A. Abdelrahman, Takana Kaho, Ramesh K. Pokharel, “5.0 to 10.GHz 0.18µm CMOS Power Amplifier with Excellent Group Delay for UWB Applications”, Microwave Symposium (IMS), pp.1-4, 17-22 May 2015.

H-W Chung, C-Y. Hsu, C-Y. Yang, K-F. Wei, H-R. Chuang, “A 6-10 GHz CMOS power amplifier with an inter-stage wideband impedance transformer for UWB transmitters,” in proc 38th European Microwave Conference, pp. 305-308, 27-31 Oct. 2008.

C. Lu, A-V. Pham, and M. Shaw, “A CMOS power amplifier for fullband UWB transmitters”, in Proc. IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit (RFIC) Symposium 2006, pp.400, 11-13 June 2006.

R Sapawi, R K. Pokharel, S.l A. Z. Murad, A. Anand, N. Koirala, H. Kanaya , and K. Yoshida, Low Group Delay 3.1–10.6 GHz CMOS Power Amplifier for UWB Applications, IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, Vol. 20, No. 9, pp. 510-512, January 2012.

C. Grewing, K. Winterberg, S.V Waasen, M. Friedrich, G.L Puma, A. Wiesbaure and C. Sandner, “Fully integrated distributed power amplifier in CMOS technology, optimized for UWB transmitter,” IEEE RF IC Symposium, August 2004.

H.C. Hsu, Z.W. Wang and G. K. Ma, “A low power CMOS full-band UWB power amplifier using wideband RLC matching method,” IEEE Conference on Electron Devices and Solid-State Circuit, pp. 233-236, 19-21 December 2005.

S. Mohan, M. Hershenson, S. Boyd and T. Lee, “Bandwidth extension in CMOS with optimized on-chip inductor,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 346-355, March 2005.

C.S. Lindquist, “Delay characteristic of second-order bandpass filter,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 58, pp. 826-828, May 1970.

Y. Park, C-H. Lee, J.D. Cressler, and J. Laskar, “The analysis of UWB SiGe HBT LNA for its noise, linearity, and minimum group delay variation,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 1687-1698, Apr. 2006.

A. I. A. Galal, R. K. Pokharel, H. Kanaya and K. Yoshida, Ultrawideband low noise amplifier with shunt resistive feedback in 0.18µm CMOS Process, Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuit in RF System (SiRF), 2010.

P. Lerouz and M. Steyaert, LNA-ESD co-design for fully integrated CMOS wireless receivers, T. Dordrecht; New York: Springer, 2005.

B. Razavi, RF Microelectronics, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998, pp. 169.

S.Z Murad, R.K Pokharel, R. Sapawi, H. Kanaya and K. Yoshida,“High Efficiency, Good Linearity, and Excellent Phase Linearity of 3.1-4.8GHz CMOS UWB PA with a Current-Reused Technique”, IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, vol.56, no 3, August 2010.

Z.Qian, X. Cui, B. Wang, X. Zhang, C-L. Lee, “A folded currentreused CMOS power amplifier for low-voltage 3.0-5.0 GHz UWB application”, International Conference on ASIC (ASICON), pp.1 -4, 2013.

Downloads

Published

2017-09-15

How to Cite

Sapawi, R., Salleh, D., Sahari, S., Masra, S., Mat, D., Kipli, K., & Murad, S. (2017). The Analysis of Low Phase Nonlinearity 3.1-6 GHz CMOS Power Amplifier for UWB System. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 9(2-10), 9–14. Retrieved from https://jtec.utem.edu.my/jtec/article/view/2700

Most read articles by the same author(s)