Design of Finger-vein Capture Device with Quality Assessment using Arduino Micrcontroller
Keywords:Biometric System, Finger-vein, Arduino, Microcontroller, MATLAB,
AbstractThis paper focuses on designing and developing a finger-vein capturing device by using Arduino Microcontroller. It is a device that will capture the human finger-vein image and be controlled by Arduino Microcontroller. This device is applicable for authentication, verification and identification. It uses the concept of near-infrared light (NIR) emitted by a bank of NIR Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). The NIR penetrates the finger and then absorbed by the haemoglobin in the blood. The areas in which the NIR rays are absorbed (i.e. Veins) thus appear as dark regions in an image conveyed by a CCD camera located on the opposite side of the finger. The brightness of the NIR will be controlled automatically using Arduino Microcontroller to obtain sufficient quality of image brightness. Although the Arduino Microcontroller is more expensive than potentiometer, it is more convenient and efficient as brightness adjuster. Besides that, it is definitely a low-cost device compares to FPGA. The image captured is analyzed by using Mean Square Error (MSE) and Peak Signalto-Noise Ratio (PSNR). A low cost capturing device is developed and decent quality finger-vein images are produced.
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