A Multiband Tree-shaped Microstrip Antenna for Wireless Communication


  • Pushpendra Singh National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan.
  • Kanad Ray Amity University Rajasthan, India.
  • Badrul Hisham Ahmad Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia.
  • Preecha Yupapin Institute of Vocational Education Northeastern2, Sakonnakhorn, Thailand.
  • Anirban Bandyopadhyay National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan.


Tree shape, Finite Ground, High Gain, Current distribution


In the modern world, wireless communications are growing very fast and changing the world of antennas. Conventional antennas are insufficient to meet the requirements in the field of wireless communications. The continuous evolution of wireless communication systems has added cost, size, bandwidth, gain, and polarization constraints to the antennas used. In this paper, the performance of the microstrip antenna is enhanced by overlapping the patch elements. A tree-shaped micro-strip antenna is presented here, in which the tree-shaped geometry emerged from five overlapping circles on the substrate. The proposed antenna could operate in the X and Ku bands. The antenna is resonant at 9.3 GHz, 10.07 GHz, 11.76 GHz, and 13.16 GHz frequencies and has various applications such as satellite communications, radar, terrestrial broadband, space communications, and amateur radio. The built antenna has an improved radiation pattern as compared to conventional antennas.


J. H. Shafieha, J. Noorinia, "Ghobadi Ch. Probing the feed line parameters in vivaldi notch antennas", Progress in Electromagnetics Research B,vol. 1, pp. 237–252, 2008.

R Bancroft R, Microstrip and printed antenna design hand book. PHI, 2006.

I. Singh, V.S. Tripathi, "Microstrip patch antenna and its application," Int. J. comp. tech. appl., vol.2, no.5, pp. 1595-1599, 2011.

M.K. Meshram, B.R. Vishvakarma, "Gap-coupled microstrip array antenna for wideband operation," International Journal of Electronics, vol. 88, pp. 1161-1175, 2001.

X. Quing, Z. N. Chen. Antipodal vivaldi antenna for UWB applications,” Euro Electromag.-UWB SP7, Magdeburg: Germany, 2004.

J. Cho, W. Jung, K Kim, "Frequency- reconfigurable two-port antenna for mobile phone operating over multiple service bands," Electronic Letter, vol. 45, pp. 1009-1011, 2009.

X. Yin, Z Su, W. Hong adnd,T. J. Cui, "An ultra wideband tapered slot antenna," Enter for computational electromagnetic and state key Laboratory of millimetre waves. Department of Radio Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096; 2005.

B.T.P. Madhav, B. Anjaneyulu, D. Satyanarayana, N.V.K. Ramesh, P. Rakesh Kumar, "Design of broadband balanced antipodal vivaldi antenna," GJCAT; vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 421-424, 2011.

S. Rawat, K.K. Sharma, "Annular ring microstrip patch antenna with finite ground plane for ultra-wideband applications," International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, vol.7, pp. 179-184, 2015.

P. Singh, K. Ray, S. Rawat, "Design of nature inspired broadband microstrip patch antenna for satellite communication," Seventh World Congress on Nature and Biologically Inspired Computing (NaBIC2015), vol. 419, pp. 369-379, 2015.

K. Singh, V. Grewal, R. Saxena, "Fractal Antenna: A noval miniaturization technique for wireless communications," International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering, vol. 2, no. 5,pp. 165-193, 2009.

A. Azari, "Super wideband fractal antenna design," IEEE, pp. 242-245, 2009.

R. Kumar, J.P. Shinde, P.N. Shinde, M.D. Uplane, "On the design of CPW-Fed square octal shaped fractal UWB antenna," 2009 Applied Electromagnetics Conference (AEMC), pp. 1-3, 2009.

M. Puri, P.K. Mishra, S.S. Dhanik, "Design and simulation of double ridged horn antenna operating for UWB application," AnnualIEEE, pp. 1-6, 2013.

T. Sandeep, S. Somesh,R. Sanyog, P. Singh, R. Kanad, "Compact design of rectangular patch antenna with symmetrical U slots on partial ground for UWB applications," IBICA, vol. 424, pp. 535-542, 2015.

P. Kumar, G. Singh, "Advantage computational technique in electromagnetic," 4th International Conference on Communication System and Network Technologies IJECS-IJENS, 2012.

K.G. Jangid, V.S. Kulkar, V. Sharmat. Compact circular micro-strip patch antenna with modified ground plane for broadband performance. International Conference on Signal Propagation and Computer Tech, pp. 25-28, 2014.

J.A.V. Delgado, C.A.V. Mera, "A bio- inspired patch antenna array using fibonacci sequence in oak- tree," Published Research report USA, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 192-201, 2013.

S. Rawat, K.K. Sharma, "A compact broadband microstrip patch antenna with defected ground structure for C-band applications," Central European Journal of Engineering, Springer; vol. 4, pp. 287-292, 2014.

K.L. Wong, H.J. Jiang, T.W. Weng, "Small-size planar LTE/WWAN antenna and antenna array formed by the same for tablet computer application," Microwave Opt. Technol. Letter; vol. 55, pp. 1928- 1934, 2013.

DNA as An Electromagnetic Fractal Cavity Resonator: Its Universal Sensing and Fractal Antenna Behavior", .P. Singh, R. Doti ,J.E.Lugo , J.Faubert, S.Rawat, S.Ghosh, K. Ray and A.Bandyopadhyay AISC. Vol. 584, pp. 213-223, 2017.

Fractal and periodical biological antennas: hidden topologies in DNA, wasps and retina in the eye" P. Singh, M. Ocampo, J.E. Lugo, R. Doti, J. Faubert, S.Rawat, S. Ghosh, KanadRayandA.Bandyopadhyay, Studies in Computational Intelligence, Springer, Soft computing application Vol. 761, pp. 113-130, 2018.

Ultra-wideband mushroom shaped half-sinusoidal antenna for THz applications : Usha Keshwala, Kanad Ray, Sanyog Rawat.,Optik,Volume 228, February 2021, 166156.

Circular and Elliptical Shaped Fractal Patch Antennas for Multiple Applications, A Garhwal, MR Ahmad, BH Ahmad, S Rawat, P Singh k rayInternational Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT) Volume-8 Issue-5, June 2019.

Plant shaped antenna with trigonometric half sine tapered leaves for THz applications :UshabenKeshwala , SanyogRawat , KanadRay ,OPTIK, Volume 223, December 2020, 165648.

Analysis of Sun Flower Shaped Monopole Antenna : Pushpendra Singh, Kanad Ray, Sanyog Rawat., Wireless Personal Communication, 104, 881,2019.




How to Cite

Singh, P. ., Ray, K. ., Ahmad, B. H. ., Yupapin, P. ., & Bandyopadhyay, A. . (2022). A Multiband Tree-shaped Microstrip Antenna for Wireless Communication. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 14(4), 17–20. Retrieved from https://jtec.utem.edu.my/jtec/article/view/6250

Most read articles by the same author(s)