Performance Analysis of TOA-based Positioning in LTE by utilizing MIMO Feature


  • Z. Manap Centre for Telecommunication Research and Innovation (CeTRI) Faculty of Engineering Technology (FTK) Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Malaysia
  • A. A. M. Isa Faculty of Electronic and Computer Engineering (FKEKK), Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Malaysia
  • M. H. Othman Faculty of Electronic and Computer Engineering (FKEKK), Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Malaysia
  • A. M. Darsono Faculty of Electronic and Computer Engineering (FKEKK), Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Malaysia


LTE Positioning, MIMO Antenna Configuration, TOA, Urban microcell,


This paper presents the performance analysis of a TOA-based positioning in LTE by utilizing MIMO feature. In this work, the wireless channels between the mobile terminal (MT) and eNodeBs are modeled by using a geometric-based stochastic channel models in WINNER II to measure the propagation delay. Then, the location of the MT is estimated by using the geometric-based multiple linear line of position (MLLOP) technique. We focus the analysis on the typical urban microcell scenario (B1 Hotspot) with three fixed-located eNodeBs and a randomly located mobile terminal. The simulation works are executed in both LOS and NLOS conditions. We compare the performance of MIMO feature utilization to SISO antenna configuration system based on root mean square error. The results show that utilizing MIMO feature enhances the estimation accuracy. The number of antenna elements at the receiver and transmitter greatly influence the estimation accuracy of MT’s position. The best performance is achieved by utilizing MIMO 4x4 configuration that gives the estimation error of less than 18m and 25m for 67% and 90% of the time respectively.


C. Mensing, “Location Determination in OFDM Based Mobile Radio Systems,” Technische Universität München, 2013.

R. M. Vaghefi and R. M. Buehrer, “Improving Positioning in LTE Through Collaboration,” in Workshop on Positioning, Navigation and Communication, WPNC, 2014, pp. 1–6.

D. Xiao, X. Yu, and D. Yang, “A Novel Downlink ICIC Method Based on User Position in LTE-Advanced Systems,” in IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall), 2012, pp. 1–5.

D. H. Hennepe, J. L. Van Den Berg, and G. Karagiannis, “Impact of Relay Station Positioning on LTE Uplink Performance at Flow Level,” in GLOBECOM - IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, 2012, pp. 1586–1592.

3GPP, “UMTS; Spatial Channel Model for Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Simulations (Release 11),” 2012.

A. Awang Md Isa and G. Markarian, “MIMO Positioning for IMTAdvanced Systems based on Geometry Approach in NLOS Environments,” J. Telecomumunication, Electron. Comput. Eng., vol. 3, no. 1, 2011.

A. Awang Md Isa, G. Markarian, and M. S. M. Isa, “Hybrid TOABased MIMO and DOA-Based Beamforming for Location and Positioning in WiMAX Networks,” J. Telecommun. Electron. Comput. Eng., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 11–20, 2012.

A. A. M. Isa, M. H. Othman, Z. Manap, M. S. M. Isa, M. S. I. M. Zin, S. Saat, and Z. Zakaria, “Improved Location and Positioning Utilizing Single MIMO Base Station in IMT-Advanced System,” J. Telecommun. Electron. Comput. Eng., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 75–82, 2016.

A. Awang Md Isa, “Enhancing Location Estimation Accuracy in WiMAX Networks,” Lancaster University, 2011.

WINNER, “IST-WINNER II Channel Models,” 2008.

C. Gentner, S. Sand, and A. Dammann, “OFDM Indoor Positioning based on TDOAs: Performance Analysis and Experimental Results,” in International Conference on Localization and GNSS, 2012, pp. 1– 7.

D. Milioris, G. Tzagkarakis, A. Papakonstantinou, M. Papadopouli, and P. Tsakalides, “Low-dimensional Signal-strength Fingerprintbased Positioning in Wireless LANs,” Ad Hoc Networks, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 100–114, 2014.

A. Kangas and T. Wigren, “Angle of Arrival Localization in LTE Using MIMO Pre-Coder Index Feedback,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1584–1587, 2013.

G. Seco-granados, E. J. Delperal, J. Salcedo, G. Seco, E. F. Zanier, and M. Crisci, “Evaluation of the LTE Positioning Capabilities Under Typical Multipath Channels,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference, 2012, pp. 139–146.

J. J. J. Caffery, “A New Approach to the Geometry of TOA Location,” in Vehicular Technology Conference, 2000, pp. 1943– 1949.

3GPP, “LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (EUTRA); Base Station (BS) Radio Transmission and Reception (Release 12),” 2014.




How to Cite

Manap, Z., Isa, A. A. M., Othman, M. H., & Darsono, A. M. (2017). Performance Analysis of TOA-based Positioning in LTE by utilizing MIMO Feature. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 9(2-13), 117–121. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>