JomImageProcessing: Machine Learning Weight Control with SnapFudo
Keywords:food, calorie, healthy, weight loss, obesity, overweight, image recognition, food recognition
Tracking the calorie of food consumed is becoming harder when eating outside. With many fast food choices available almost everywhere, the consumption of fast food is high among Malaysian. While numerous calorie-tracking apps are available in the market, these apps require manual inputs that are frustrating yet demotivating. With the application of
machine learning, this study will involve image recognition of food to ease the food input for the user. From the survey data collected, most respondents are aware of Body Mass Index (BMI) but find it difficult to track their calorie intake, especially when eating out. Respondents also have difficulties identifying each ingredient and how much the quantity in their meals. As a result, the implemented apps can guide the user on losing weight healthily and motivating them to achieve their weight goals.
Abdullah, N. N, Mokhtar, M. M., Bakar, M. H. A. & Al-Kubaisky, W. (2015). Trend of Fast Food Consumption in Relation to Obesity among Selangor Urban Community. ASEAN-Turkey ASLI (Annual Series Landmark International) Conference on Quality of Life 2014, ABRA International Conference on Quality of Life, AQoL2014, 26-28 December 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. Procedia – Social andBehavioral Sciences, 202, 505 – 513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.08.189.
Ahmed, K. T., Ummesafi, S. & Iqbal, A. (2019). Content based image retrieval using image features information fusion. Information Fusion, 51, 76-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inffus.2018.11.004.
Araujo, F. H. D. et al (2018). Reverse image search for scientific data within and beyond the visible spectrum. Expert System with Application, 109, 35-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2018.05.015.
Tan, A. K. G., Wang, Y., Yen, S. T. & Feisul, M. I. (2016). Physical Activity and Body Weight among Adults in Malaysia. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 38(2). 318-333. https://doi.org/10.1093/aepp/ppv020.
Dun, C. G., Turner-McGrievy, G. M., Wilcox, S. & Hutto, B. (in Press). Dietary Self-Monitoring Through Calorie Tracking but Not Through a Digital Photography App Is Associated with Significant Weight Loss: The 2SMART Pilot Study—A 6-Month Randomized Trial. Journal of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2019.03.013.
Harous, S., Menshawy, M. E., Serhani, M. E. & Benharref, A. (2018). Mobile health architecture for obesity management using sensory and social data. Informatics in Medicine Unlocked, 10, 27-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imu.2017.12.005.
Blundell, J. E. (2019). Chapter 3: Appetite Control – Biological and Psychological Factors. Eating Disorder and Obesity in Children and Adolescents, 2019, 17-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-54852-6.00003-3.
Ohtomo, S. (2017). Exposure to diet priming images as cues to reduce the influence of unhealthy eating habits. Appetite, 109, 83-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.11.022.
Crovetto, M., Valladares, M., Espinoza, V., Mena, F., Oñate, G., Fernandez, M. & Durán-Agüero, S. (2018). Effect of healthy and unhealthy habits on obesity: a multicentric study. Nutrition, 54, 7-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.02.003.
Osman, M. A., Talib, A. Z., Sanusi, Z. A., Shiang-Yen, T. & Alwi, A. S. (2012). A Study of the Trend of Smartphone and its Usage Behavior in Malaysia. International Journal on New Computer Architectures and Their Applications (IJNCAA), 2(1), 275-286.
Evans, D., 2017. MyFitnessPal. Mobile app user guides. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-095538.
Chen, J., Berkman, W., Bardouh, M., Kammy, C. Y. & Farinelli, M. A. (2019). The use of a food logging app in the naturalistic setting fails to provide accurate measurements of nutriens and poses usability challenges. Nutrition, Vol 57 (2019), 208 – 216.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.05.003.
Halse, H., 2019. Formula for Calorie Intake. Retrieved from: https://www.livestrong.com/article/178764-caloric-intake-formula/.
V. Vica et al. (2019), JomImage SnapFudo: Control your food in a snap, International conference on engineering technologies and applied science, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1-5
V. Vivilyana et al. (2020), JomImage: Weight control with mobile snapfudo, Intelligent systems conference, Amsterdam, Netherland, 168-180.
FK Tee et al. (2020), JomFacial Recognition Attendance Systems, Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems.
Solbrig, L., Jones, R., Kanvangh, D., May, J., Parkin, T. & Andrade, J. (2017). People trying to lose weight dislike calorie counting apps and want motivational support to help them achieve their goals. Internet Inventions, Vol. 7 (2017), 23-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2016.12.003.
Subramanian, R. (2015). Diet, Exercise, and Smartphones – A Content Analysis of Mobile Applications for Weight Loss (Doctor’s Thesis, Southern Illinois University Carbonale) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com
Ku, B., Phillips, K. E. & Fitzpatrick, J. J. (n.d.). The Relationship of body mass index (BMI) to job performance, absenteeism and risk of eating disorder among hospital-based nurses. Applied Nursing Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2019.05.021.
Ipjian, M. L. & Johnston, C. S. (2017). Smartphone technology facilitates dietary change in healthy adults. Nutrition, Vol. 33 (2017), 343-347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2016.08.003.
Nakayama, K & Martini, P. (2011). Situating Visual Search. Vision Research, 51(13), 1526-1537. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2010.09.003.
JosephNg Poh Soon, Kang Chon Moy, Ahmad Kamil Mahmood, Wong See Wan, Phan Koo Yuen, Saw Seow Hui, Lim Jit Theam (2016), EaaS: Available yet Hidden Infrastructure inside MSE, 5th International Conference on Network, Communication and Computing (ICNCC), 17-21 December 2016, Kyoto, Japan, ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 17-20.
JosephNg Poh Soon, Ahmad Kamil Mahmood, Choo Pen Yin, Wong See Wan, Phan Koo Yuen, Lim Ean Heng (2015), Beyond Cloud Infrastructure Service in Medium Size Manufacturing, International Symposium on Mathematical Sciences and Computing Research (iSMSC), 19-20 May 2015, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia, IEEE Explore, pp.150-155. (Scopus).
JosephNg, P.S. (2018), EaaS Optimization: Available yet hidden information technology infrastructure inside medium size enterprises, Journal of Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 132(2018),pp. 165-173.
JN, PS; Kang, C.M.; Mahmood, A.K.; Choo, P.Y.; Wong, S.W.; Phan, K.Y.; & Lim, E.H. (2016), Exostructure Services for Infrastructure Resources Optimization, Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering, 8(4), pp. 65-69
Lee, R. M. (2017). Use of Mobile Applications in Dietic Practice (Master’s Thesis, D’Youville College, Buffalo, New York) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com
Levinson, C. A., Fewell, L. & Brosof, L. C. (2017). My Fitness Pal calorie tracker usage in the eating disorders. Eating Behaviours, 27 (2017), 14-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2017.08.003.
Naughton, P., McCarthy, M. & McCarthy, S. (2015). Acting to selfregulate unhealthy eating habits. An investigation into the effects of habit, hedonic hunger and self-regulation on sugar consumption from confectionery foods. Food Quality and Preferences, 46 (2015), 173-183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2015.08.001.
Pu, H. T. (2005). A Comparative analysis of web image and textual queries. Online Information Review, 29(5), 457-467. https://doi.org/10.1108/14684520510628864
Williams, A. (September 12, 2018). HP Envy 13 (2018) Review. Retrieved from https://www.techadvisor.co.uk/review/ultraportablelaptops-ultrabooks/hp-envy-13-2018-3683639.
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.