Adaptive Interest Lifetime in Named Data Networking to Support Disaster Area


  • Raaid Alubady InterNetWorks Research Laboratory, School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia. Information Technology, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq.
  • Suhaidi Hassan InterNetWorks Research Laboratory, School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia.
  • Adib Habbal InterNetWorks Research Laboratory, School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia.


Named Data Networking, Pending Interest Table, Natural Disaster, Interest Packet Lifetime,


Pending Interest Table (PIT) in Named Data Network (NDN) maintains a track of forwarded Interest packets so that the returned Data packet can be sent to its subscriber(s). PIT size is a crucial parameter, which can have a huge impact on the number of both satisfied and timed out Interest packet, and consequently, on the number of packet delay in terms of PIT overflow. There are a lot of studies focusing on caching, applications, and security to make NDN getting perfect, while the management of PIT is still one of the primary concerns of high-speed forwarding. Thus, PIT manages mechanism is one of the most important design specifics that have not been studied in the context of NDN to a significant extent. NDN needs to define concise mechanisms to monitor traffic when multiple users contend for access to the same or different resources, which may lead the PIT is overflowing and as a result increasing the delay. In order that, the objective of this study is to provide an adaptive mechanism under network load, namely Smart Threshold Interest Lifetime (STIL) to adjust incoming Interest packet in the early phase of occurrence to propose possible response decisions to realize PIT overflow recovery. The ndnSIM network simulator was used to measure the STIL. The results demonstrate that the proposed mechanism outperforms the performance of standard NDN PIT with respect to average Interest lifetime, Interest satisfaction, Interest retransmission and Interest satisfaction delay. The significance of this study is to provide a fundamental direction of a new adaptive Interest lifetime mechanism in NDN router to decrease the delay, especially on the natural disaster in a city, which will be very much useful for emergency operation centers, emergency rescue teams, and citizens.


L. Zhang, D. Estrin, J. Burke, V. Jacobson, J.D.Thornton, D.K. Smetters, B.Zhang, G. Tsudik, D.Massey, and C. Papadopoulos, “Named Data Networking (NDN) Project,” 2010.

R. Alubady, M. Salman, S. Hassan, and A. Habbal, “Review of Name Resolution and Data Routing for Information Centric Networking,” in The 4th International Conference on Internet Applications, Protocols and Services (NETAPPS2015), 2015, pp. 48–53.

N. Melazzi, A. Detti, and M. Pomposini, “Scalability Measurements in an Information-Centric Network,” Measurement Methodology and Tools, pp. 81--106, 2013.

F. Oehlmann, “Content-Centric Networking,” Netw. Archit. Serv., vol. 43, pp. 11–18, 2013.

D. Saxena, V. Raychoudhury, S. Neeraj, C. Becker, and J. Cao, “Named Data Networking: A Survey,” Comput. Sci. Rev. - Elsevier, vol. 19, pp. 15--55, 2016.

S. Hassan, I. Ud Din, A. Habbal, and N. H. Zakaria, “A Popularity based Caching Strategy for the Future Internet,” in ITU Kaleidoscope: ICTs for a Sustainable World (ITU WT), 2016, pp. 1–7.

R. Alubady, S. Hassan, and A. Habbal, “A Taxonomy of Pending Interest Table Implementation Approaches in Named Data Networking,” J. Theor. Appl. Inf. Technol., vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 411–423, 2016.

F. Almeida and J. Lourenço, “Information Centric Networks – Design Issues , Principles and Approaches,” Int. J. Latest Trends Comput., vol. 3, no. September, pp. 58–66, 2012.

M. Virgilio, M. Guido, and S. Riccardo, “PIT Overload Analysis in Content Centric Networks,” in Proceedings of the 3rd ACM SIGCOMM workshop on Information-centric networking, 2013, pp. 67–72.

S. H. Bouk, S. H. Ahmed, M. A. Yaqub, D. Kim, and M. Gerla, “DPEL: Dynamic PIT Entry Lifetime in Vehicular Named Data Networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 336--339, 2016.

C. Anastasiades, L. Von Rotz, and T. Braun, “Adaptive Interest Lifetimes for Information-Centric Wireless Multi-hop Communication,” in 2015 8th IFIP Wireless and Mobile Networking Conference (WMNC), 2015, pp. 40–47.

G. Carofiglio, M. Gallo, and L. Muscariello, “ICP: Design and Evaluation of an Interest Control Protocol for Content-Centric Networking,” in Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2012 IEEE Conference on, 2012, pp. 304–309.

C. Yao, L. Fan, Z. Yan, and Y. Xiang, “Long-Term Interest for Realtime Applications in the Named Data Network,” in Proceedings of ACM AsiaFI12, 2012, pp. 1--8.

L. Bhimarao and S. Uma, “Disaster Area Communication Using Neighbor coverage in MANET,” Int. J. Sci. Eng. Technol. Res., vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 1310–1314, 2014.

A. Azgin, R. Ravindran, and G. Wang, “Mobility Study for Named Data Networking in Wireless Access Networks,” in Communications (ICC), 2014 IEEE International Conference on, 2014, pp. 3252–3257.

Y. S. A. Miaji, “Just Queuing: Policy-Based Scheduling Mechanism for Packet Switching Networks,” UUM, 2011.

R. Alubady, S. Hassan, and A. Habbal, “Adaptive Interest Packet Lifetime Due to Pending Interest Table Overflow,” Adv. Sci. Lett., vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 5573–5577, 2017.

D. S. Solymossy, “High-Tech, Low-Tech, No-Tech: Communications Strategies During Blackouts,” 2014.

A. Kwasinski, “Power Supply and Communications Infrastructure Issues in Disaster Areas,” in Telecommunication in Disaster Areas, N. Marchetti, Ed. River Publishers-Allborg, 2010, pp. 53–58.

K. Shimazu, M. Ito, Y. Kitsuta, and N. Kawashima, “Project Concept: Design Concept of Ad-hoc Information Network System for Disaster Mitigation,” in Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics, ICACCI 2013, 2013, pp. 1436–1439.

B. Bandyopadhyay, A. Seetharam, A. Mukherjee, and M. K. Naskar, “Characteristic Time based Routing in Information Centric Networks,” in 2016 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), Workshop on Computing, Networking and Communications (CNC), 2016, pp. 1--5.

A. Afanasyev, I. Moiseenko, and L. Zhang, “ndnSIM: NDN Simulator for NS-3,” University of California, Los Angeles, Technical Report NDN-0005, California, Los Angeles, pp. 1–7, 2012.

L. Zhang et al., “Named Data Networking (NDN) Project 2011 - 2012 Annual Report,” 2012.

H. Yuan and P. Crowley, “Scalable Pending Interest Table Design: From Principles to Practice,” in IEEE INFOCOM 2014-IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, 2014, pp. 2049–2057.

G. Carofiglio, M. Gallo, L. Muscariello, and M. Papalini, “Multipath Congestion Control in Content-Centric Networks,” in Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2013 IEEE Conference on, 2013, pp. 3403–3408.

S. H. Ahmed, S. H. Bouk, M. A. Yaqub, D. Kim, H. Song, and J. Lloret, “CODIE: Controlled Data and Interest Evaluation in Vehicular Named Data Networks,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 3954– 3963, 2016.




How to Cite

Alubady, R., Hassan, S., & Habbal, A. (2018). Adaptive Interest Lifetime in Named Data Networking to Support Disaster Area. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 10(2-4), 29–34. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>