Full Custom Rail-to-Rail Self-Calibrating Comparator for Low Voltage Successive Approximation Register Analog-to-Digital Converter
Keywords:ADC, Rail-to-Rail Comparator, SelfCalibrating Comparator, Novel Rail-to-Rail Self-Calibrating Comparator,
AbstractThe demand for low power consuming devices is increasing, particularly that of wireless sensor networks (WSN). This study aims to address this problem by designing a novel rail-to-rail comparator for SAR ADC integrated with selfcalibration to null offset. In this study, rail-to-rail comparator, self-calibrating comparator, and rail-to-rail self-calibrating comparator are the circuits that will be designed, compared and analyzed. The three circuit designs were realized using the 0.18um CMOS technologyand has undergonePVT variations. The designed comparators all operate with a 1.8 V supply. In comparing and determining which circuit is the best in terms of their response, all the circuits will be compared based on six parameters to be measured thru the use of Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis, also known as SPICE. The rail-to-rail comparator design resulted in an ICMR of 700mV. The self-calibratingcomparator design has a prominent value of 78dB for its CMRR. On the other hand, the novel rail-to-rail self-calibrating comparator design has highlighted a 5.15 V/us slew rate, with a power dissipation of only 22.40uW. A layout of the novel rail-to-rail self-calibrating comparator was also implemented which has a power dissipation 25.60uW and a slew rate of 4.16 V/us. It was found that the proposed design’s key features are stable performance over wide temperature ranges from 0°C up to 49°C, high value of slew rate and low power consumption without compromising its function.
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