A Conceptual Model to Evaluate Virtual Learning Environment among Malaysian Teachers


  • Hapini Awang School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 UUM Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Wan Rozaini Sheik Osman School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 UUM Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Zahurin Mat Aji School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 UUM Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia


DeLone and McLean IS Success Model, Evaluation of IS Success, Frog VLE, Learning Management System,


The sophisticated development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has sparked new inventions in teaching and learning approach. These positive technological advantages therefore inspired the Malaysian Ministry of Education (MOE) to invest in digitalizing the Malaysian schools, including the implementation of Frog Virtual Learning Environments (VLE). Despite this huge investment, the ratio of usage is relatively low, especially among the teachers. This evidence indicates that there is an urgent requirement to conduct a post-implementation evaluation to investigate the factors behind the issue. Therefore, this study is conducted to develop a conceptual model based on the updated DeLone and McLean IS Success Model to evaluate the Frog VLE success among Malaysian teachers. This paper will present the initial investigation that leads to the development of the conceptual model. Researchers in this field can use the model in different populations and settings, and thus create an avenue in apprehending the factors that contribute to the VLE success.


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How to Cite

Awang, H., Sheik Osman, W. R., & Mat Aji, Z. (2018). A Conceptual Model to Evaluate Virtual Learning Environment among Malaysian Teachers. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 10(2-4), 59–63. Retrieved from https://jtec.utem.edu.my/jtec/article/view/4317