A Comparison of Four Disease Mapping Techniques as Applied to TB Diseases in Malaysia
Keywords:TB Disease, Relative Risk, Disease Mapping, Stochastic Model,
AbstractThis paper discusses the results of relative risk estimation based on four different types of methods. The methods used in this study are Standard Morbidity Ratio (SMR), Poisson-gamma model, stochastic Susceptible-Infective- Recovered (SIR) model and new alternative method that we proposed, stochastic Susceptible-Latently infected-Infectious- Recovered (SLIR) model. All the results are comparing and presenting in the form of graphs, tables and maps. These relative risk estimations are applied to TB count data in Malaysia. The maps showed the high-low risk areas for TB occurrence and this can be useful to interest parties in terms of government policy and financial support.
New York State Department of Health Tuberculosis (TB), 2007, Retrieved from http://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/communicable/tuberculosis/fact_sheet.html
D. Bhowmik, R. M. Chandira, and U. Pradesh, “Recent trends of drug used treatment of tuberculosis”, Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2009, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 113–133.
A. Konstantinos, “Diagnostic tests testing for tuberculosis”, Aust Prescr, 2010, vol. 33, no. 1, pp.12–18.
Ministry of Health Malaysia, Health Indicators 2003-2013. Retrieved from http://vlib.moh.gov.my/cms/content.jsp?id=com.tms.cms.section.Section_62581 998-c0a81049-d0570e00-98ce6828
A. B. Lawson, Statistical methods in spatial epidemiology, 2nd ed., England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
I. M. Diah, N. Aziz and N. Ahmad, “Relative risk estimation of tuberculosis with standardized morbidity ratio in Malaysia," Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 2016, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 4011-4019.
A. B. Lawson, W. J. Browne, and C. L. V. Rodeiro, Disease mapping with WinBUGS and MLwiN. Statistics in Practise. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2003.
I. M. d Diah, N. Aziz and N. Ahmad, “Tuberculosis Disease Mapping with Poisson-Gamma Model in Malaysia,” Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 2016, vol. 11, pp. 822-825. doi:10.3923/rjasci.2016.822.825
S. M. Blower, A. R. Mclean, T. C. Porco, P. M. Small, P. C. Hopewell, M. A. Sanchez, and A. R. Moss, “The intrinsic transmission dynamic of tuberculosis epidemics”, Nature Medicine, 1995, vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 815- 821.
N. A. Samat & D.F. Percy, “Dengue disease mapping in Malaysia based on stochastic SIR models in human populations,” in ICSSBE 2012 – Proceedings, 2012 International Conference on Statistics in Science.
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.