Non-Parametric Approach to Measure Efficiency Level of Paddy Farmers in Kedah
Keywords:Rice Production, Technical Efficiency, DEA,
AbstractRice is the basic food, most important source of employment and income as well as the main cultivation activity of paddy farmers in northern region of Malaysia. The efficiency of rice production has been of longstanding interest to the responsible organization in agriculture. This paper attempts to study the efficiency of paddy farmers in Kedah using Data Envelopment Analysis model. Four districts have been selected with the total respondents of 200. Overall average performance of paddy farmers is 0.787. The paddy farmers in Kepala Batas are the most efficient followed by Kubang Pasu, Kerpan and Kubang Pasu. Only few paddy farmers in Kubang Sepat, Kubang Pasu and Kerpan are showing very low relative performances,, on the other hand, not a single farmer in Kepala Batas district shows such low performance. By knowing the existing efficiency level of paddy farmers, the government can take viable plans or actions to increase the efficiency of paddy farmers in Kedah.
Hoh, R. 2012. Malaysia Grain and Feed Annual.GAIN Report, MY2001. Retrieved 11 March 2013 from
Alam, M.M., Chamhuri Siwar, Basri Talib and M.E. Toriman. “The relationships between the socio-economic profile of farmers and paddy productivity in North West, Selangor, Malaysia”. Asia-Pacific
Development Journal. Vol. 18 (1), pp. 161-173, 2011.
Khai and Yabe, “Technical efficiency analysis of rice production in Vietnam”. Journal ISSAAS. Vol. 17(1), pp. 135-146, 2011.
Ismail, Mohd Mansor and Idris, Nurjihan and Hassanpour, Behrooz. 2013. Technical efficiency estimates of paddy farming in peninsular Malaysia : a comparative analysis”. Annals of Biological Research. Vol. 4(5), pp. 114-118, 2013.
Ramli, N. N.,Shamsudin, M. N., Mohamed, Z. and Radam, A. “The Impact of Fertilizer Subsidy on Malaysia Paddy/Rice Industry Using a System Dynamics Approach”. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity. Vol. 2(3), pp. 213-219, 2012.
Taraka, K., Latif, I. A., & Shamsudin, M. N. A. “Nonparametric
Approach to Evaluate Technical Efficiency of Rice Farms in Central
Thailand”. Chulalongkorn Journal of Economics. Vol. 22, pp. 1-14, 2010.
Zaibidi, N. Z., Kasim, M. M., Ramli, R., Baten, M. A. and Nadhar Khan,S. A. “Measuring efficiency of rice growing farmers using data envelopment analysis.” AIP Conf. Proc. Vol. 169; 2015. doi:
Ghee-Thean, L., Ismail, M. M. and Harron, M. “Measuring Technical Efficiency of Malaysian Paddy Farming: An Application of Stochastic Production Frontier Approach”. Journal of Applied Science. Vol. 12. pp. 1602-1607, 2012.
Alene, A.D., Manyong, V. M. and Gockowski, J. “The production efficiency of intercropping systems of annual and perennial crops production in southern Ethiopia: a comparison of distance functions and production frontiers”. Agricultural Systems. Vol. 91, pp. 51–70, 2006.
Tijani, A. A. “Analysis of the technical efficiency of rice farms in Ijesha Land of Osun State, Nigeria”. Agrekon: Agricultural Economics Research, Policy and Practice in Southern Africa. Vol. 45(2), pp. 126-135, 2006.
Coelli, T., Rahman, S. and Thirtle, C. 2002. Technical, Allocative, Cost and Scale Efficiencies in Bangladesh Rice Cultivation: A Non‐parametric Approach”. Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 53(3), pp. 607-626. 2002.
Thanh Nguyen, T., Hoang, V.-N. and Seo, B. “Cost and environmental efficiency of rice farms in South Korea”. Agricultural Economics. Vol. 43, pp. 369–378, 2012.
Charnes, A.C., Cooper, W.W. and E. Rhodes. “Measuring the efficiency of decision making units”. European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 2(6), pp. 429 - 444, 1978
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.