Single and Multi-Sources Energy Sizing for Electric Vehicle: A Case Study
Keywords:Sizing, Electric Vehicle, fuel cell, super-capacitors, battery
The automotive industry has introduced various renewable-energy based technologies such as battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel-cell electric vehicles (FCEV). However the main concern is addressing issues to determine which vehicle with different energy sources are more efficiency and cost saving than the others. In order to overcome this issue detailed analysis need to be performed on the important criterions in vehicle sizing like energy cost, dissipated energy and effective energy source (EES). This paper deals with the modeling, evaluation and analysis of single and multi-source electric vehicle (EV) on three classes of EV, namely the light electric vehicle (LEV), medium electric vehicle (MEV) and electric vehicle (EV). A comparison on dissipated energy with different EES, charging cost and weight were made based on a linear mathematical calculation. The results have shown that multi-sources energy powered-vehicle deliver among the best dissipated energy and EES percentage. Findings of this energy sizing under various combination of EV would be helpful for further research on the EV energy applications.
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