An Improved Imperceptibility and Robustness of 4x4 DCT-SVD Image Watermarking with a Modified Entropy

Authors

  • Ferda Ernawan Faculty of Computer Systems & Software Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Mritha Ramalingam Faculty of Computer Systems & Software Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Ali Safa Sadiq Faculty of Computer Systems & Software Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Zuriani Mustaffa Faculty of Computer Systems & Software Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Keywords:

Modified Entropy, Discrete Cosine Transform, Imperceptibility, Watermark Embedding, Robustness,

Abstract

A digital protection against unauthorized distribution of digital multimedia is highly on demand. Digital watermarking is a defence in multimedia protection for authorized ownership. This paper proposes an improved watermarking based on 4×4 DCT-SVD blocks using modified entropy in image watermarking. A modified entropy is used to select unnoticeable blocks. The proposed watermarking scheme utilizes the lowest entropy values to determine unnoticeable regions of the watermarked image. This paper investigates the relationship between U(2,1) and U(3,1) coefficients of the U matrix 4×4 DCT-SVD in image watermarking. The proposed watermarking scheme produces a great level of robustness and imperceptibility of the watermarked image against different attacks. The proposed scheme shows the improvement in terms of structural similarity index and normalized correlation of the watermarked image.

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Published

2017-09-01

How to Cite

Ernawan, F., Ramalingam, M., Sadiq, A. S., & Mustaffa, Z. (2017). An Improved Imperceptibility and Robustness of 4x4 DCT-SVD Image Watermarking with a Modified Entropy. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 9(2-7), 111–116. Retrieved from https://jtec.utem.edu.my/jtec/article/view/2602