Clustered Coordinator SABTS (CC-SABTS) for Beacon Transmission in IEEE802.15.4 LR-WPAN


  • Dyg Khayrunsalihaty Bariyyah bt Abang Othman Politeknik Kuching Sarawak
  • Hushairi bin Zen Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Al Khalid Hj. Othman Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Khairuddin Ab Hamid Universiti Malaysia Sarawak


Wireless Sensor Network, IEEE802.15.4, Beacon Collision, ZigBee, WPAN


IEEE802.15.4 standard for Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) provides low-power transmission in the low-rate wireless personal area network (WPAN). It has three types of topology: star, peer-to-peer and cluster tree. Star topology has limit to expand network. Peer-to-peer topology has a complex multihop routing during network expansion due to the large number of full-function devices. A full-function device can act as coordinator and personal area network coordinator (PAN-C). Cluster tree topology is preferable because it can expand networks using less number of full-function devices and thus reduces complexity in routing messages. A cluster tree topology consists of a wireless PAN-C, several cluster coordinators and a number of end devices. The coordinators periodically transmit beacon frames to one another to allow synchronization and communication. However, collision will happen if the coordinators transmit beacon frames at the same time and will degrade the network performance. Different mechanisms have been introduced to solve the collision problem and one of the mechanisms is superframe adjustment and beacon transmission scheme (SABTS). SABTS calculates the precise time for beacon transmission by assigning an accurate value of beacon order and superframe order for PAN-C, cluster coordinators and end devices. As the number of cluster coordinator increases, SABTS method reiterates the calculation for beacon transmission time numerously. Hence, in order to decrease the iteration, this paper introduces clustered coordinator SABTS (CC-SABTS) by clustering coordinator nodes that are separated by two length radius. The performance of CC-SABTS is simulated and evaluated using NS2 simulation software. Result shows that CC-SABTS provides better average throughput, packet delivery ratio and end-to-end delay compared to the conventional SABTS.




How to Cite

Abang Othman, D. K. B. bt, Zen, H. bin, Hj. Othman, A. K., & Ab Hamid, K. (2016). Clustered Coordinator SABTS (CC-SABTS) for Beacon Transmission in IEEE802.15.4 LR-WPAN. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 8(12), 33–37. Retrieved from