Identification of Human Pathogen in Nutrient Culture Media using an Electronic Nose
Keywords:Accuracy, Classification, Electronic Nose, Volatile Organic Compound,
AbstractThis paper present human pathogen bacteria for early screening using electronic nose. An electronic nose (Enose) designed for mimicking the mammalian olfactory system to recognize gases and odors. Electronic nose used for detecting different bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Shigella cultured on media agar. In addition, the data from the electronic nose (E-nose) is processed using a statistical method which is principal component analysis (PCA) and existing classification method which is K-Nearest Neighbor Method (KNN). The study shows the capability of electronic nose (E-nose) for early screening for bacterial infection in the human stomach.
R. M. S. Thorn, D. M. Reynolds, and J. Greenman, “Multivariate analysis of bacterial volatile compound profiles for discrimination between selected species and strains in vitro,” J. Microbiol. Methods, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 258–264, 2011.
M. Sohrabi, L. Zhang, K. Zhang, A. Ahmetagic, and M. Q. Wei, “Volatile Organic Compounds as Novel Markers for the Detection of Bacterial Infections.”
N. M. Zetola, C. Modongo, K. Mathlagela, E. Sepako, O. Matsiri, T. Tamuhla, B. Mbongwe, E. Martinelli, G. Sirugo, R. Paolesse, and C. Di Natale, “Identification of a large pool of microorganisms with an array of porphyrin based gas sensors,” Sensors (Switzerland), vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 1–14, 2016.
M. Ghasemi-Varnamkhasti, S. S. Mohtasebi, M. Siadat, and S. Balasubramanian, “Meat quality assessment by electronic nose (Machine Olfaction Technology),” Sensors, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 6058– 6083, 2009.
M. Trincavelli, S. Coradeschi, A. Loutfi, B. Soderquist, and P. Thunberg, “Direct identification of bacteria in blood culture samples using an electronic nose,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 2010.
N. Yusuf, M. I. Omar, and A. Zakaria, “Diagnosis of Bacteria for Diabetic Foot Infection using Electronic Nose Technology,” pp. 114– 118, 2013.
A. D. Wilson, “Advances in Electronic - Nose Technologies for the Detection of Volatile Biomarker Metabolites in the Human Breath,” 2015.
L. Zhang, F. Tian, and G. Pei, “A novel sensor selection using pattern recognition in electronic nose,” Measurement, vol. 54, pp. 31–39, 2014.
M. B. Banerjee and T. Nandy, “Multivariate Preprocessing Techniques Towards Optimising Response of Fused Sensor from Electronic Nose and Electronic Tongue,” pp. 949–954, 2016.
M. Sharma, “International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering Generalized K-Nearest Neighbour Algorithm- A Predicting Tool,” vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1–4, 2013.
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.