IoT-based Pico-Hydro Power Generation System Using Pelton Turbine


  • Benedicto N. Fortaleza College of Engineering, Technological University of the Philippines - Manila 1000, Philippines
  • Ronnie O. Serfa Juan College of Engineering, Technological University of the Philippines - Manila 1000, Philippines Department of Electronic Engineering, Cheongju University, Cheongju City 28503, South Korea.
  • Lean Karlo S. Tolentino College of Engineering, Technological University of the Philippines - Manila 1000, Philippines


Alternative Energy, IoT-Based System, Pelton Turbine, Pico-Hydro,


The local rural electric power generation is necessary to promote progress of the localities especially on those hard to reach communities. The Philippine archipelago is rich in water resources, harnessing this ample amount of water is enough for irrigation and electrical generation especially on those far located areas that are hard to reach by electrical grid connection system. This paper presents an alternative source of electrical energy. The designed pico-hydro power generation system is well suited in remote areas where the transmission of power seems to impossible. To maximize the designed concept, the Pelton turbine is utilized because it is suited especially in the Philippines for high and low flow rate of water. Moreover, an IoT-based system that can easily monitor any unwanted problems. This pico-hydropower system is much economical compared with other sources of electricity.


M. F. Basar. An overview of the key components in the pico hydro power generation system. Latest Trends in Renewal Energy and Environmental Informatics, 8 (2013) 206-213.

M. F. Basar, A. Ahmad, N. Hasim, K. Sopian. Introduction to the pico hydropower and the status of implementation in Malaysia. IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD), (2011) 283-288.

A. O. Tunde. Small hydro Sche Nigeria’s energy generation level. Inaugural IEEE PES, (2005).

G. Yadav, A. K. Chauhan. Design and development of pico micro hydro system by using house hold water supply. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology. 3 (10) (2014) 114-119.

B.A. Nasir. Design considerations of micro-hydro-electric power plant. Energy Procedia, 50 (2014) 19-29.

R. Kapoor. Pico Power: A boon for rural electrification. International Journal of Scientific Research. 2 (9) (2013) 159-161.

C. Kaunda, C. Kimambo, T. Nielsen. Hydropower in the context of sustainable energy supply: a review of technologies and challenges. International Scholarly Research Network. 2012 (2012) 1-15.

International Energy Agency. Hydropower and the environment: present context and guidelines for future action, Subtask 5 Main IEA Report, Volume 2, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: International Energy Agency, (2000) 14-23.

N. Smith, G. Ranjitkhar. Nepal case study–part one: installation and performance of the pico power pack. Pico Hydro Newsletter, (2000) 2- 4.

P. Maher, N. Smith. Pico hydro for village power: A practical manual for schemes up to 5 kW in hilly areas. Intermediate Technology Publications, Vol. 2 (2001)

A. Harvey, A. Brown, P. Hettiarachi, A. Inversin. Micro hydro design manual: A guide to small-scale water power schemes. Intermediate Technology Publications (1993).

I. Lee, K. Lee, The Internet of Thing (IoT): Applications, investment, and challenges for enterprises. Science Direct Business Horizon, 58 (2015) 431-440.

B. MMSRS, S. P. Anbuudayasankar, K. Balaji. Power generation by high head water in a building using micro hydro turbine—a greener approach. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23 (10) (2016). 9381-9390.




How to Cite

Fortaleza, B. N., Juan, R. O. S., & Tolentino, L. K. S. (2018). IoT-based Pico-Hydro Power Generation System Using Pelton Turbine. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 10(1-4), 189–192. Retrieved from