Application of Self-Tuning Fuzzy PID (STFPID) Controller on Industrial Essential Oil Extraction System Using System Identification Approach
Keywords:Self-Tuning Fuzzy-PID, ARX model, Steam Temperature Control,
AbstractMost of the preferred technique used in the industry for the extraction of essential oil is the steam distillation. The main factors are the system cost, cleanliness, productivity, operational cost and maintenance cost. In extracting the essential oils, few factors have been identified and involved in order to get great quality on the extraction yields. Temperature of extraction is the most significant parameter, which gives impact to the amount of output yield and quality of the oil. The extraction temperature in steam distillation must not be too high to avoid thermal degradation to the oil production. From the previous research, PID controller has been proposed for controller steam temperature in the extraction of essential oil. However, PID controller has some disadvantages in performance during the process to control steam temperature that may reduce the yield and quality of the oil. Therefore, selftuning fuzzy PID controller (STFPID) is proposed to overcome the problem of the PID controller. This research is aimed to propose an application system of STFPID that integrates the induction based on steam distillation system and regulates the steam temperature during the essential oil extraction process. The autoregression exogenous (ARX) structure with the first order model has been done to represent the plant during the controller design. Both STFPID controllers with different shapes of membership functions of the generalized bell and Gaussian performed very well in relation to the settling time, rise time and percentage of overshoot. STFPID controllers with different shapes membership functions of generalized bell performed with 127.3889 seconds in rise time, 162.5660 second in settling time, and 0% of overshoot.
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.