S-band FMCW Radar for Target Tracking and Monitoring
Keywords:FMCW Radar, Doppler, Pulse-Canceller, Target Monitoring,
AbstractA Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) Doppler radar was assembled to detect human as sample target. Its operating frequency is at 2.4GHz with transmitting power of 10.41 dBm. Range resolution of the radar is 2.8 meters at 53.2MHz signal bandwidth and chirp waveform of 40ms. The radar exploits Doppler principle to acquire the range and velocity information of targets whilst a Moving Target Indicator (MTI) pulse canceller is utilized to filter incoming noise signal. With the use of Chirp period-bandwidth product Frequency Modulated (FM) waveform and deramping process, the radars’ Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) was improved up to 42 dB. The attained maximum range is about 200 meters for a target with Radar Cross Section (RCS) of 1m2. The constructed radar is capable to measure the speed of moving target at 0.645m/s and above with great accuracy. The radar can detect and determine the position of pedestrians with 0.18% percentage error.
J. Martin, A. Lardy, and B. Laumon, “Pedestrian Injury Patterns According to Car and Casualty Characteristics in France,” in 55th AAAM Annual Conference Annals of Advances in Automative Medicine, 2011, vol. 55, pp. 137–146.
A. Etinger, N. Balal, B. Litvak, M. Einat, B. Kapilevich, , “NonImaging MM-Wave FMCW Sensor for Pedestrian Detection,” vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1232–1237, 2014.
M. Ash, “FMCW Phased Array Radar for Imaging Snow Avalanches,” University College London, 2013.
R. Streubel and B. Yang, “Fusion of Stereo Camera and MIMOFMCW Radar for Pedestrian Tracking in Indoor Environments,” in Information Fusion (FUSION), 2016 19th International Conference, 2016, pp.565–572.
D. Bliss, K. Forsythe, and G. Fawcett, “MIMO Radar: Resolution, Performance, and Waveforms,” in 14th Annual Adaptive Sensor Array Processing Workshop, MIT, 2006, pp. 6–7.
H. Chen and B. Himed, “Analyzing and Improving MIMO Radar Detection Performance in the Presence of Cybersecurity Attacks,” in 2016 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarConf), 2016, pp. 1–4.
N. F. M. Ariffin, F.N. Mohd Isa, “Development of A Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave for Slow Moving Target Detection,” International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2016.
Kalyani. Uma, “Radar Fundamentals Learning Objectives.” [Online]. Available: http://www.academia.edu/11963758/
Radar_Fundamentals_Learning_Objectives. [Accessed: 16-Feb-2017]
N. F. M. Ariffin, F. N. Mohd Isa, and A. F. Ismail, “FMCW Radar for Slow Moving Target Detection: Design and Performance Analysis,” in International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, 2016.
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.