Validation of Perceived Community Safety Instrument Using Polytomous Rasch Measurement Model
Keywords:Community Safety, Community Safety Instrument, Rash Analysis, Sense of Community, Crime and Social Disorder,
AbstractThis study involves the designing, development and testing of an instrument for capturing perception of community safety in rural communities in Sarawak, Malaysia. Data were collected in Kampung Pulo Salak, Kampung Sebayor, Kampung Tanjong Bako and Kampung Pinggan Jaya. A total of 172 households were interviewed and their responses were recorded accordingly for each item listed in the instrument. The study details the validation of community safety instrument using a Rasch analysis technique. The instrument was adapted, translated from various sources and customized to the need of local communities. The many items in the original instruments were shortlisted and subsequently tested to assess the quality of the measurement used. Aspects investigated include personal and community safety, crime and social disorder, police effectiveness and engagement as well as the sense of community. Based on results from Rasch analysis, thirty items from the initial fifty-one shortlisted items were retained. The final version of the instruments implicates good reliability and validity. There was no differential item functioning detected and the measure was proven to be unidimensional. This instrument is expected to benefit local authorities especially for the formulation of necessary interventions to ameliorate issues pertaining to community safety.
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.