Bootstrapping Adaptive Linear Neuron in Near Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis


  • Kim Seng Chia Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Malaysia


Adaptive Linear Neuron, Bootstrapping, Near Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis,


Near infrared spectroscopic analysis requires a predictive model to extract relevant information from a complex near infrared spectral data so that the internal composition of products can be measured indirectly. Even though ensemble models show a better predictive performance compared to that of a single model in most cases, the computational cost will be multiplied for building multiple models. Besides, a combination of several different sub-models causes an ensemble model to be much complex than a single model. Thus, this study proposes the bootstrapping adaptive linear neuron (Adaline) that adapts the philosophy of bootstrapping aggregation approach. Without changing the architecture of an Adaline, the results indicate that the proposed the bootstrapping Adaline is promising to achieve a better performance than an Adaline with an average 18.6% improvement. This suggests that the bootstrapping algorithm is promising to enhance the predictive accuracy of the Adaline model in near infrared spectroscopic analysis.


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How to Cite

Chia, K. S. (2017). Bootstrapping Adaptive Linear Neuron in Near Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 9(3-7), 125–128. Retrieved from