Photovoltaic versus Micro-Hydropower for Rural Non-Grid Connected Areas of Equatorial Sarawak

Authors

  • Prashobh Karunakaran Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.
  • Alvin KS Lau Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.
  • Reddy ANR Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Keywords:

Solar, PV, Micro-Hydro, Rural Electrification, Equatorial Regions

Abstract

There is currently a large expansion in photovoltaic installation worldwide especially in the temperate regions of the world which have tended to influence electrical power decisions in developing countries at the equator.  This research clearly justifies hydropower over photovoltaic electricity generation in non-grid connected regions of equatorial Sarawak, Malaysia.  A case study was made of photovoltaic installations versus micro-hydropower installation in these regions.  There are problems of micro-hydroelectricity especially during dry seasons but this work justifies allocating more resources in improving micro-hydroelectricity research such that eventually it will produce enough electricity even with the low water flow rate of the dry seasons.  This research can be done locally compared to photovoltaics whose research tends to be mostly imported into Malaysia.  Some comparisons are made to grid connected hydroelectric dams to depict capabilities of this technology given sufficient research allocations.

References

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D. Harries, M. McHenry, P. Jennings, & C. Thomas, Hydro, tidal and wave energy in Australia. International journal of environmental studies, 63(6), 803-814, (2006).

P. Prashobh, The Options And Design Improvements Of The Electric Grid Of Sarawak As An Example For Developing Countries, Global Journal of Engineering Science and Researches, Volume 2, Issue 6. P161-170. ISSN 2348 – 8034, (2015).

P. Fearnside. Environmental and social impacts of hydroelectric dams in Brazilian Amazonia: Implications for the aluminum industry. World Development, 77, 48-65, (2016).

P. Karunakaran, Electric power grid optimization for the state of Sarawak as an example for developing countries. International Journal of Electrical & Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications, 15, 15, (2014).

E. Baldwin, J. Brass, S. Carley, & L.M. MacLean, Electrification and rural development: issues of scale in distributed generation. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment, 4(2), 196-211, (2015).

[14] D. Song, H. Jiao & C. Te Fan. Overview of the photovoltaic technology status and perspective in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 48, 848-856 (2015).

A. Poullikkas, A comparative overview of large-scale battery systems for electricity storage. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 27, 778-788, (2013).

J.A. Swaffield, & D.P. Campbell, Air pressure transient propagation in building drainage vent systems, an application of unsteady flow analysis. Building and Environment, 27(3), 357-365, (1992).

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Published

2016-12-01

How to Cite

Karunakaran, P., KS Lau, A., & ANR, R. (2016). Photovoltaic versus Micro-Hydropower for Rural Non-Grid Connected Areas of Equatorial Sarawak. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 8(12), 129–133. Retrieved from https://jtec.utem.edu.my/jtec/article/view/1448