Load Frequency Control for Hydropower Plants using PID Controller

Authors

  • Ali Thaeer Hammid Faculty of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, University Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Malaysia. Department of Computer Engineering Techniques, Al Yarmouk University College, 32001 Ba’aqubah, Diyala, Iraq.
  • Mojgan Hojabri Faculty of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, University Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Malaysia.
  • Mohd Herwan Sulaiman Faculty of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, University Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Malaysia.
  • Ahmed N. Abdalla Faculty of Engineering Technology, University Malaysia Pahang, 26350 Gambang, Malaysia.
  • Atheer A. Kadhim Department of Computer Engineering Techniques, Al Yarmouk University College, 32001 Ba’aqubah, Diyala, Iraq.

Keywords:

Hydro Power Generation, Automatic Generation Control (AGC), Tuning PID Controller, Load Frequency Control (LFC),

Abstract

Many development republics began to get rid of conventional energy and towards to use renewable energy like hydropower system, solar cells and wind turbines as soon as possible. Load Frequency Control (LFC) problem is coming to be the main topics for mentioning schemes due to not corresponding between main power system inputs such as change load demand and change in speed turbine settings. This paper illustrates a selftuning control of hydropower system that suggested and confirmed under Automatic Generation Control (AGC) in power scheme. The suggested power system involves one single area. The suggested self-tuning control system is employed in performing the automatic generation control for load frequency control request and compared it with conventional control structure. The power system dynamic modeling has regularly built in several essential parameters which have a significant influence According to frequency limitation. The main problem with all controllers is an exaggerated reaction to minor errors, producing the system to oscillate. The output response results for hydropower system obviously proved the benefit of using maximum load demand by tuning PID controller. Whereas, tuning PID controller has got properly more rapid output response and minimal overshoot.

References

Mishra, M.K., N. Khare, and A.B. Agrawal, Small hydro power in India: Current status and future perspectives. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015. 51: p. 101-115.

Duque, E.A., J.D. González, and J.C. Restrepo, Developing Sustainable Infrastructure for Small Hydro Power Plants through Clean Development Mechanisms in Colombia. Procedia Engineering, 2016. 145: p. 224-233.

D P Kothari, I.J.N., Modern Power System Analysis. IIT Delhi, New Delhi, India, 2010. third edition: p. PP. 290-325.

Sheikh, M.R.I. and N. Mondol. Application of self-tuning FPIC to AGC

for Load Frequency Control in wind farm interconnected large power system. in Informatics, Electronics & Vision (ICIEV), 2012 International Conference on. 2012.

Alam, M.S., A. Singh, and D. Guha. Optimal solutions of load frequency control problem using oppositional krill herd algorithm. in 2016 IEEE First International Conference on Control, Measurement and Instrumentation (CMI). 2016.

Debbarma, S. and A. Dutta, Utilizing Electric Vehicles for LFC in Restructured Power Systems Using Fractional Order Controller. IEEE

Transactions on Smart Grid, 2016. PP(99): p. 1-11.

Gao, L., J. Xia, and Y. Dai. Analysis of power system frequency responses with hydro turbines incorporating load shedding. in 2010 5th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications. 2010.

Zhang, G., et al., Research of Hydro-turbine Governor Supplementary Control Strategy for Islanding AC Grid at Sending Terminal of HVDC System. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 2016. PP(99): p. 1-1.

Pravin, P.S. and J.J. Abdul. Performance evaluation of an isolated small hydro power plant using conventional controllers. in Circuits, Power and Computing Technologies (ICCPCT), 2013 International Conference on. 2013.

Meng, L. and F. Diao. QFT fractional order controller for non-minimum phase hydro power plant. in Control Conference (CCC), 2012 31st Chinese. 2012.

Vrdoljak, K., et al. Optimal distribution of load-frequency control signal to hydro power plants. in 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics. 2010.

T, H.A., Applications of Tuning Control Actions for the Efficient Load/frequency Control in Steam Turbine. International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, 2013. 3(5): p. 1895-1898.

Safaei, A., H.M. Roodsari, and H.A. Abyaneh. Optimal load frequency control of an island small hydropower plant. in Thermal Power Plants (CTPP), 2011 Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on. 2011.

Lefort, R., et al. High Frequency MV/LV transformer modelling for Power Line Communication applications. in Power Line

Communications and its Applications (ISPLC), 2014 18th IEEE International Symposium on. 2014.

Ahammad, F.U.A. and S. Mandal. Robust load frequency control in multi-area power system: An LMI approach. in 2016 IEEE First International Conference on Control, Measurement and Instrumentation (CMI). 2016.

Polyakov, A. and L. Hetel, Relay Control Design for Robust

Stabilization in a Finite-Time. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, 2016. PP(99): p. 1-1.

Downloads

Published

2016-12-01

How to Cite

Hammid, A. T., Hojabri, M., Sulaiman, M. H., Abdalla, A. N., & A. Kadhim, A. (2016). Load Frequency Control for Hydropower Plants using PID Controller. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 8(10), 47–51. Retrieved from https://jtec.utem.edu.my/jtec/article/view/1370