Virtual Reality Courseware towards Achievement of Transfer Learning among Students with Different Spatial Ability


  • Wan Ahmad Jaafar Wan Yahaya Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Awaatif Ahmad Universiti Sains Malaysia


Virtual Reality, Islamic Funeral Management, Multimedia Design Principle, Signaling Principle,


This paper aims to examine the effectiveness of the signaling principle in virtual reality courseware pertaining to the topic of Islamic Funeral Management in the Islamic Education subject to ensure the accomplishment of transfer learning among students with different spatial abilities. The study comprises of two phases namely the courseware development phase and treatment phase. The courseware development employs the Instructional Design Model by Alessi and Trollip. Besides that, the courseware is integrated with components of CLE, principles in Theory of CATLM and signaling principle in multimedia learning. The sample consisted of 130 Form Two students who were selected randomly from four Malaysian secondary schools. They were divided into two experimental groups with 63 students in Group 1 and 67 students in Group 2. The experimental Group 1 used VR courseware without the signaling principle (VRTI) while experimental Group 2 used the VR courseware with the signaling principle (VRDI). The experiment lasted for three weeks. ANOVA was utilised to analyze the data from this research. The findings showed significant differences between students who used VRDI in the transfer of learning compared to students who used VRTI.


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How to Cite

Wan Yahaya, W. A. J., & Ahmad, A. (2017). Virtual Reality Courseware towards Achievement of Transfer Learning among Students with Different Spatial Ability. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 9(2-11), 51–54. Retrieved from