Self-Organized Behaviour in a Modified Multi-Agent Simulation Model Based on Physical Force Approach
Keywords:Crowd Modelling, Multi-Agent Model, Physical Force Approach, Self-Organized Behaviour
AbstractThe multi-agent simulation models are very useful in predicting crowd behaviours, where experiments with human are too dangerous. However, works that include intelligence in the physical force-based model are very limited. Moreover, most works based on the physical force-based model are only restricted to producing behaviours of crowds in emergency situations. Utilizing a simpler mathematical representation, this paper proposes a modification to an existing crowd simulation model based on the physical force approach. The proposed method incorporates the concept of magnetic force interaction into the existing social force model of an agent movement. It simulates the agent’s interaction within their boundaries, preventing any collisions from occurring and to follow others when the agents move in a same direction. The proposed method incorporated agents’ intelligence to choose the shortest path in their movements towards their destinations. When the number of agents increases in the simulation environment, the model is able to produce a self-organized behaviour, such as the lane formation behaviour pattern when the agents are in a bi-directional movement as well as in a counter flow movement at intersections.
How to Cite
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
The manuscript is herewith submitted for publication in the Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC). It has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. It contains no material that is scandalous, obscene, libelous or otherwise contrary to law. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, I, as the author, hereby agree to transfer to JTEC, all rights including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- All proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights
- The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching
- The right to reuse all or part of this manuscript in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author; and
- The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me
I agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appears in the original published work. I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I certify that I have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I agree to supply such written permission(s) to JTEC upon request.